Difference Day 2018 Honorary Title for Freedom of Expression goes to Daphne Caruana Galizia and her family.

The Honorary Title is awarded to a journalist, writer, artist, cultural thinker or any other person, association or institution that has made a vital contribution to protect and promote freedom of thinking and expression in an ever-changing, democratic society. Making a difference as regards these basic values is what the title is all about. The Honorary Title is jointly awarded by the Brussels University Alliance VUB and ULB

Difference Day 2018 Honorary Title & Gala Dinner

We are honoured to share the speech given by Andrew Caruana Galizia at the Difference Day 2018 Gala Award Ceremony with you.

Acceptance speech — Difference Day Honorary Title

Salle Horta, Brussels, 2nd May 2018

Give by: Andrew Caruana Galizia

Ladies and gentlemen,

My family and I are deeply humbled by the honour the Brussels University Alliance has extended to my family and, above all, to my mother, Daphne.

As you’ve probably learnt by now, my mother wasn’t like most people.

Where many of us would first seek security, shelter and material well being, my mother sought meaning in life before anything else.

People would often ask her why she bothered doing what she did – whether it was worth the sacrifice, the hate, the ostracism, the impact on her health and her family.

Her reply was always: what else would I do, mark out the days playing cards at the beach? Because in the Malta my mother grew up in, that’s what women were expected to do for self-fulfilment.

But she took the mould her country gave her and shattered it into a million pieces.

She inspired a whole generation of women – and also men – to demand more of themselves, to demand more of their society and to demand more of the people who make the rules in our country.

My mother always knew she was never free to write. But she wanted to live in a country where freedom of the press and freedom of expression are unassailable rights. She believed the best way to get there was to test the boundaries of her freedom, rather than be constrained by them, despite the clear danger.

When she exposed the connections between a drug trafficker and the chief of the country’s armed forces, our front door was set on fire and our pet dog had its throat slit. My brothers and I were just children. She told us she had a left acandle on outside. And that our dog had eaten snail poison.

When she spoke up in defence of the rights of asylum seekers – who were, as they are now, completely voiceless – neo-Nazis set fire to our family home. Over ten years later, petrol used in the fire still oozes out from a tree in our garden. No one was ever brought to justice for that. Few even demanded it.

When my mother campaigned in the press in favour of Malta’s EU membership, the machinery of an entire political party was turned against her, transforming one young woman into a figure of hate for hundreds of thousands of people who had never once read her work. So great was her perceived influence on voters, that she was turned into a scapegoat for failed policies and a hundred failed political careers.

Since 2013, when she began exposing the corrupt, the cretinous and the complicit who make up Malta’s new ruling class, she found herself taking on an entire government. She was subjected to an abusive tax investigation, her bank account was frozen, and she was hit with dozens of lawsuits – 47 by the time she was killed, 34 of which we continue to fight as her heirs.

Foreseeing the manner of her own death, my mother once wrote that the only thing that would make her stop writing was for someone to take out a contract on her life.

By the time she was killed, she was completely isolated: senior government officials explicitly stated that they sought to deter her from writing. The leader of the opposition was fighting five libel cases against her over his links to organised crime.

Political parties led campaigns against her — always with the same aim: to stop her from writing — to stop her from informing the public and shaping its opinion.

Her last written words were: “There are crooks everywhere you look now. The situation is desperate.”

She meant that literally. There was no one left to turn to. Our country’s institutions had been co-opted and subverted to serve private interests over those of the public. She knew there were no police, no prosecutors and no colleagues from the press standing between her and the dangerous people she exposed and ridiculed.

And yet she continued to write, to report, to mock, to entertain and to educate. She had for almost thirty years withstood everything and anything that anyone could throw at her.

While her readers saw everything they loved and recognised about Malta fall away before their eyes, my mother grew into not only an icon of freedom of expression but the country’s public conscience.

She knew her readers depended on her for their sanity and she knew she couldn’t abandon them, no matter how unbearable the pressure she faced. Instead her writing grew more strident, defiant and devastatingly powerful.

The freedom she won for herself became a threat to Malta’s ruling class and its associates — almost like an act of insubordination: daring them to do their worst.

When she was finally killed, it was like an act of desperation on the part of her enemies. A bomb. The nuclear option; when the threats, the lawsuits and the slander had failed to deter her.

As her son, I’d like to say that I was never prouder of my mother than the day she was killed and I was never more humbled by the example she gave me, my brothers and the world than the day she forced her enemies to kill her, rather than abandon her work.

Few doubt now how dangerous her enemies were. And yet what was my mother’s biggest fear in the days before she was killed? She told an interviewer ten days before her assassination that what worried her the most was that her example might discourage others — women in particular — from becoming journalists. She was worried that her victimisation had transformed her into a negative role model; an example of how wretched your life would become if you followed in her footsteps.

And one of the most tragic aspects of my mother’s assassination is that we cannot tell her how wrong she was: that she died not knowing what a positive example she had become. She died not knowing how many people have been inspired by her courage. And she died before we could repay the debt that so many of us owe her.

By honouring my mother and my family tonight, you are declaring to the world that all of us should look to my mother’s example and say that a life lived for others is worth a thousand selfish lives; a life lived with purpose is worth a thousand lived in indifference; and a life sacrificed in the search for truth is the greatest gift any of us can give back to the world.

So now let’s accept this gift my mother gave us and repay her with justice.

Thank you

Difference Day Honorary Title 2017


The Global Investigative Journalism Network (GIJN) is an international association of nonprofit organizations that support, promote, and produce investigative journalism. GIJN holds conferences, conducts trainings, provides resources and consulting, and encourages the creation of similar nonprofit groups. It was founded in 2003 when more than 300 journalists from around the world gathered for the second Global Investigative Journalism Conference in Copenhagen. Since then it has grown to 145 member organizations in 62 countries.

Margo Smit
copyright: NOS/Stefan Heijdendael

Margo Smit is independent, self-employed investigative TV-documentary filmmaker and (part time) ombudsman at NOS, Dutch public broadcaster. Until summer 2015, she was director of the Dutch-Flemish Association of Investigative Journalists VVOJ. Smit is a member of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists ICIJ and covered their #LuxLeaks investigation on tax evasion through Luxemburg for Dutch public TV. Smit is vice-chair of the Global Investigative Journalism Network.
Margo Smit teaches (investigative) journalism on TV, with a specialisation on visualisation of (investigative) reporting, at University Groningen and various journalism schools in the Netherlands and Flanders.

Smit studied journalism in the United States. In 1989 she began working as a news and features reporter for a Dutch commercial TV station and later as their political correspondent.  In 1997, she transferred to KRO Reporter, an investigative television documentary series on Dutch public TV, where she worked till 2009. Smit investigated, for example, the Dutch monarchy, nuclear safety and proliferation, accounting transparency at multinationals, Islam, honorary killings and the banking industry.  She was co-producer of aKRO Profiel documentary on controversial politician Ayaan Hirsi Ali nominated for the Prix Europa in 2005. She was a juror for the Daniel Pearl Award and the Global Shining Light Award for investigative journalism, and the M.J. Brusseprijs for non-fiction in the Dutch language.

Evens Foundation: The Prize for European Journalism 2017

The Evens Foundation is awarding the Prize for European Journalism to two journalists: Tom Nuttall of  The Economist and Christoph Zotter of Profil Magazine. Nuttal writes on European politics and economics in The Economist’s ‘Charlemagne Column’. He is a much sought-after commentator on television and radio.  Christoph Zotter works on the foreign affairs desk of the Austrian news magazine Profil. He wants to get readers following complex European issues more closely.


imec Press for More Award 2017

Poool.fr is the first to receive this award. This smart paywall is a handy tool in helping news sites provide a better service. Surfing behaviour is analysed to enable a news site to offer articles likely to interest the individual reader. In this way, the sites reach out to the public. The jury likes the way this innovative start up links journalism and access to information. The paywall also gives the news sites the possibility to pursue their work in a sustainable manner and at the same time keep the door open to new users.


Difference Day Honorary Title 2016

Zineb El Rhazoui (1982) is from a family of mixed background: her father is Moroccan, her mother French. Since her early adolescence she has questioned the subordinate role of women in Islam. She started her career as a journalist in Morocco, where she set up several pro-democratic, secular organisations. She was arrested on several occasions and ultimately deposed from the country. She left for Paris where she became the spokeswoman for the feminist organisation Ni Putes, ni Soumises. In 2011, following the Arab Spring, she was recruited by the magazine Charlie Hebdo. She collaborated on projects including the articles on the prophet Mohammed, for which she has received death threats from ISIS. Zineb escaped the attack on the editors of Charlie Hebdo on 7 January 2015. Since that time her life has been dominated by measures to secure her safety and security.

Difference Day Honorary Title 2016

Djemila Benhabib was born in Ukraine in 1972 and grew up in Algeria. Having a Greek Cypriot mother she became aware at a young age of the inequality of women in that society. In 1994, following an Islamic death sentence, her family sought refuge in France. Three years later Djemila travelled to Quebec alone, where she launched her career with Ma vie à contre-Coran, an essay which won her the Ecrivains francophones d’Amérique prize in 2009. Following Les soldats d’Allah à l’assaut de l’Occident, which was published in 2012, Charb (at that time director of Charlie Hebdo), awarded Djemila the Prix international de la laïcité. In 2013 she received the Prix humaniste du Quebec for L’automne des femmes arabes. Après Charlie was published in January 2016. In it she writes that the fall of the great twentieth century ideologies has allowed religion to return to our society. This poses a threat to freedom of thought and freedom of expression, as well as the rights of women, education, etc. Her commitment to the cause has frequently left her a victim of physical threats, intimidation and legal action by Islamic groups and their supporters, mostly in Canada.

Press Cartoon Europe 2016

The PCE (Press Cartoon Europe) is an initiative of the PCB (Press Cartoon Belgium) in association with the International Cartoon Festival held in Knokke-Heist, Belgium. This annual prize awards the best cartoon published in any European country. The competition is open free-of-charge to all cartoonists who publish in European newspapers, magazines or electronic media.

Kap (Jaume Capdevila) est un dessinateur de presse catalan né à Berga, (Barcelonne) le 25 juin 1974. Connu pour ses dessins publiés dans La Vanguardia et El Mundo Deportivo depuis 1997. Ses dessins apparaissent également dans divers autres magazines espagnols et internationaux tels que Siné Mensuel ou le Courrier International.

Il a publié de nembreux albums, compilant ses dessins de presse, et a reçu plusieurs prix, parmi lesquels il faut souligner le Prix International d’Humour Gat Perich (2009) et le Prix Notario del Humor (2015), deux des grands prix de le dessin satírique en Espagne. Kap est également spécialiste de la presse satirique espagnole des XIX et XXème siècles, auteur et co-auteur de divers travaux sur l’histoire du dessin de presse et de la caricature espagnols, et sur divers sujets liés à l’humour et à la satire.

iMinds Press for more Award


ObViz is an artificial intelligence based platform which helps you compare and discover apps for your smartphone. It addresses the lack of structured information on the internet on controversial subjects using cutting edge artificial intelligence methods

Honorary Title for Freedom of Expression

Raif Badawi was born in 1984 and is a Saudi Arabian author, writer, blogger and activist. He created the website “Free Saudi Liberals”, a website that advocates free speech in an autocratic kingdom and that questions some of the basic principles of life in Saudi Arabia. Raif was arrested in 2012 on a charge of insulting Islam through electronic channels and he was brought to court on several charges including apostasy

The Evens Award for European Journalism

Marc Peeperkorn works as an EU correspondent (since 2008) for de Volkskrant, the biggest quality newspaper in the Netherlands.

The encouragement prize for European Journalism

Katarzyna Zachariasz is a Polish freelance journalist writing mainly for Gazeta Wyborcza and Politika

2019 Doctor Honoris Causa

Rudi Vranckx and Elena Milashina receive honorary doctorates from VUB and ULB on World Press Freedom Day

This coming Friday, 3 May, on World Press Freedom Day, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and a number of other partners will host Difference Day, an annual event that stands up for free expression and a free press. Two journalists who risk their lives every day to bring the truth to light will receive honorary doctorates at the event: renowned war correspondent Rudi Vranckx and Russian investigative journalist Elena Milashina. The day will also see students set up a Speakers’ Corner in the Ravenstein Gallery, where they will speak out on themes such as diversity, ecology and inequality. On the eve of Difference Day, VUB and ULB will present their honorary title for freedom of expression to Mexican freelance journalist Marcela Turati, who reports on the drugs war in her homeland.

Who controls the truth?

Press freedom around the world is decreasing. In ever more countries, there’s a climate of hate towards the news media and it’s becoming increasingly dangerous for journalists to do their job. That’s the conclusion of the 2019 World Press Freedom Index, published this month by Reporters Without Borders. Furthermore, misinformation, often in the form of ‘fake news’, continues to grow. How do we know what the truth is, and how can journalists and a high-quality press play their role?

On 3 May, the United Nations puts the importance of a worldwide free press in the spotlight. VUB and ULB are doing their bit by organising the fifth Difference Day with a number of partners. The central theme is ‘who controls the truth?’ The universities will jointly hand out two honorary doctorates to journalists who risk their lives to report the truth about conflict and political power.


Honorary doctorate for Rudi Vranckx

Rudi Vranckx is one of Belgium’s best-known journalists, thanks in no small part to his unique reporting of international conflicts. What makes him remarkable is the way in which he always tries to focus on the human aspect of war.


Vranckx isn’t interested in spectacular images, but in understanding what drives people to war. Like no one else, he understands the dangers linked to populism and propaganda in an armed conflict. In each conflict he reports on, he must get to grips with the eternal struggle between truth and lies. In every war, news sources become coloured and it’s down to the journalist to remain sufficiently critical.


Honorary doctorate for Elena Milashina

Elena Milashina is a Russian investigative journalist for the independent Russian newspaper Novaja Gazeta. She’s known for her extensive investigations and critical articles about human rights violations and government corruption. Among her work are investigations into the persecution of the LGBTI community in Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus.

Following the assassination of her colleague Anna Politkovskaya in 2006, Milashina continued her work by reporting on forced disappearances, arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial executions, torture and the persecution of relatives of alleged insurgents.

Milashina also works closely with Human Rights Watch to record the atrocities that took place during the 2008 conflict between Russia and Georgia in South Ossetia. With Human Rights Watch, she has interviewed victims of human rights violations in South Ossetia, Chechnya and Dagestan.

In October 2009, she won the Human Rights Watch Alison Des Forges Award for extraordinary activism, and in 2013 she received the US State Department’s International Women of Courage Award.

Honorary title for freedom of expression for Marcela Turati

On the evening of Thursday, 2 May, VUB and ULB will present their honorary title for freedom of expression to Marcela Turati, a Mexican freelance journalist who reports on the violation of human rights and the consequences of the Mexican drugs war. She writes for Proceso Magazine, a Mexican news magazine, and Nieman Reports, a quarterly publication about journalism published by Harvard University’s Nieman Foundation, among other outlets.

Turati also stands up for the interests of Mexican journalists. In 2007, she set up Periodistas de a pie (PdP), a Mexican organisation of journalists that offers training and networking opportunities and promotes the creation of high-value journalistic products.

She has won various international prizes, including the Excellence Award of the Ibero-American New Journalism Foundation, WOLA Human Rights Award, LASA Media Award and the Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism from Harvard University’s Nieman Foundation.

The Evens Journalism Prize | Culture 2019

The Evens Journalism Prize Culture 2019 goes to online platform Cartoon Movement.

The Laureate

The jury reason for this year’s main prize resides in the capability of Cartoon Movement to develop a distinctive and remarkable journalistic format with a high potential for a far-reaching impact in an era where global collaborations are producing the most ground-breaking outcomes. The cooperation facilitated by this platform, allows a broad perspective on multiple pressing issues, besides an exceptional reporting quality. Diversity is guaranteed by the multitude of nationalities represented by their contributors but also by the variety of approaches and styles. Cartoon Movement supports the creation of new independent voices while stressing the importance of democratic values and ethics in the field of journalism. It knowledgeably promotes the use of humour to highlight the contradictions underlying current social concerns. Furthermore, the adoption of cartoons produces a democratising effect that makes news display immediate and accessible, irrespective of language boundaries. Thanks to these distinguishing features, Cartoon Movement positively responds to the Evens Foundation’s objective to award a laureate who could make Europe more comprehensible to a vast audience.

Cartoon Movement is a community of international editorial cartoonists and fans of political satire that offers a global online platform for editorial cartoons and comics journalism. Based in The Netherlands, Cartoon Movement receives between 60 and 100 cartoons each day from over 220 freelance cartoonists in over 80 countries. Submitted works are often purchased by corporate media publications. Cartoon Movement began in 2010 when VJ Movement founders Thomas Loudon and Arend Jan van den Beld began working with editorial cartoonist Tjeerd Royaards to promote the political cartoon as a fundamental style of journalism and to support freedom of the press and the rights of editorial cartoonists. The network of editorial cartoonists who contribute to the platform is unique and unparalleled in the world.

More information here

The Encouragement Prize

The encouragement prize goes to Takoua Ben Mohamed who focuses on the depiction of Muslim women’s everyday life, successfully voicing a rather disregarded group in conventional media portrayals. Her work is a prime example of how humour can be used to confront stereotypes, to promote empathy and to raise awareness. She creates canny connections between narrative and tangible social issues, urging the audience to reflect on the absurdity inherent to the mechanisms of discrimination and marginalisation.
By encouraging her work and by fostering her approach, the Evens Foundation wishes to embrace new perspectives and to boost diversification in the field of media.

Born in Tunisia in 1991, Takoua Ben Mohamed grew up in Rome where she moved in 1999. At the age of 14, after being long engaged with youth activism and cultural and humanitarian associations, she became the founder of Intercultural Comics Blog. She graduated at Nemo Academy for Digital Arts in Florence and later studied journalism in Rome. She is the author of Woman storySotto il Velo and La Rivoluzione dei Gelsomini. Takoua Ben Mohamed regularly works with national and international media paltforms; she also collaborates with universities, schools, associations giving lectures and workshops and organising exhibition in galleries and museums.

More information here